Feed Rate Control Improvements
SmartCAM v2018 New Milling Improvements
A new Adaptive Roughing process provides extended functions to create high speed machining (HSM) consistent-engagement pocket, face, open profile, and region roughing toolpath.
New HSM Adaptive Roughing Strategy
A new Adaptive Roughing process provides new functions to create high speed machining (HSM) consistent-engagement pocket, face, open profile, and region roughing toolpath.
The differences between Adaptive Roughing toolpath can be seen by studying the 'constant offset' open profile toolpath applied to the lower part of this toolpath model versus toolpath to machine the upper open profile region created using an Adaptive Roughing process.
Constant Offset toolpath can generate many 'corners', each of which can cause a sudden change in load on the tool.
The volume of material being removed and the cutting forces are inconsistent.
Chip size varies and chip removal by the tool can become problematic, causing overheating.
Cutter engagement can in some cases be up to full diameter.
In a SmartCAM Adaptive Roughing toolpath process, the 'engagement volume' of the cutter with stock material is constantly monitored and maintained by using In-Process-Stock algorithms, handling the changing volume conditions that exist when creating toolpath for the infinite number of concave, convex and linear geometric relationships that a CAM system has to process.
Near-constant cutting conditions exist for the tool throughout the entire roughing process.
Corners are never generated due to the always-tangential nature of toolpath.
Benefits of using a SmartCAM Adaptive Roughing toolpath process include:
Features of the SmartCAM Adaptive Roughing Process include:
New SmartCAM Adaptive Roughing comprises of four new processes designed for the application cases illustrated below.
The new Adaptive Pocket process allows one or more pockets, with or without islands, to be machined using a high speed adaptive toolpath. The Pocket process accepts groups of outer pocket boundary and inner island profiles as input. The system automatically calculates a start location at the center of the largest pocket area, for each pocket, and then the tool enters using the specified entry type.
Once the tool reaches the final depth, a continuous spiral is generated outward to reach the pocket boundary. Remaining areas are cut using adaptive profiling passes that are either uni-directional with fast return connections, or bi-directional with back and forth continuous cutting motion.
The new Adaptive Face process allows one or more faces, with or without islands, to be machined using a high speed adaptive toolpath. The Face process accepts groups of outer face boundary and inner island profiles as input. The system calculates a start location outside each face boundary so the tool can descend to the face depth clear of stock.
Once the tool reaches the final depth, a continuous spiral is generated inward to machine the face. Remaining areas are cut using adaptive profiling passes that are either uni-directional with fast return connections, or bi-directional with back and forth continuous cutting motion.
Adaptive Open Profile
The new Adaptive Open Profile process allows a single open part profile to be roughed from a stock boundary using a high speed adaptive toolpath. The Open Profile process accepts part and stock profiles identified by elements which represent a single roughing area. The system calculates a start location outside the open stock boundary so the tool can descend to the roughing depth clear of stock.
Once the tool reaches the final depth, a series of consistent engagement profiling passes remove the stock up to the part profile. Cuts can be made uni-directionally with high-feed lift-off return moves back to the start of the next pass, or bi-directionally in an alternating sequence.
Adaptive Region Rough
The new Adaptive Region Rough process allows a group of predefined SmartCAM Region elements to be roughed using a high speed adaptive toolpath. The input group can consist of any combination of part-profile regions representing pockets, faces, or open profiles, with or without islands and voids. Custom regions can be created using the Create - Regions - User Regions task, and rest mill regions using the Create - Regions - Rest Mill task.
Part-profile Rest Mill regions output from other process toolpaths can also be machined using the Adaptive Region Rough process. The system will calculate the appropriate, pocket, face, or open profile adaptive toolpaths as required for the various region boundaries provided, always entering clear of stock, whenever possible.
New 4th-Axis C-Table Indexing coding method
SmartCAM v2018 builds on the enhanced rotary axis capabilities introduced in v2017. SmartCAM Milling applications now support 4th axis C-table indexing code output if required. Milling toolpath placed on planes parallel to the world XY plane that are rotated about the world Z, are now coded by indexing the C axis in order to align Local X with World X.
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